If the mother is sick, provide treatment for her, and help to arrange follow-up at a first-level clinic close to her home. Check the mother’s nutritional status, and give any appropriate counselling. Check the mother’s immunization status, and, if needed, give her tetanus toxoid. Make sure the mother has access to family planning and birth spacing and counselling about preventing sexually transmitted and HIV infections. If the child has TB, the mother and other members of the family should have a chest X-ray and a Mantoux test. Make sure the mother knows where to have them, and explain why they are needed.