Chapter 7.5 Treatment of associated conditions

Chapter 7.5.1 Eye problems

If the child has any eye signs of vitamin A deficiency 

Give vitamin A orally on days 1, 2 and 14 (age < 6 months, 50 000 IU; age 6–12 months, 100 000 IU; older children, 200 000 IU). If the first dose was given in the referring centre, treat on days 1 and 14 only.

If the eyes show signs of corneal clouding or ulceration, give the following additional care to prevent corneal rupture and extrusion of the lens:

  • Instil chloramphenicol or tetracycline eye drops four times a day, as required, for 7–10 days.
  • Instil atropine eye drops, one drop three times a day, for 3–5 days.
  • Cover with saline-soaked eye pads.
  • Bandage the eye(s).