Introduction: Stages in the management of a sick child admitted to hospital.

 

Abbreviations

AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
ART antiretroviral therapy
AVPU alert, responding to voice, responding to pain, unconcious (simple consciousness scale)
BCG bacille Calmette-Guérin
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
DPT diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
EVF erythrocyte volume fraction (haemotocrit)
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
IM intramuscular (injction), intramuscularly
IMCI Integrated Mangement of Childhood Illness
IV intravenous(injection), intravenously
MDR multi-drug resistant
NNRTI nuceloside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
ORS oral rehydration salt(s)
PCP Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
ReSo Mal rehydration solution for malnutrition
TB tuberculosis
WHO World Health Organization